The energy crisis of Armenia's first years of independence had quite a negative impact on the environment, particularly the forests. At that time, both rural and urban populations predominantly used to burn wood from forests. Although at the turn of the century and after that, the relaunch of natural gas supply curbed the use of firewood from forests, the total area under the forests shrunk significantly, currently reaching 8-9% of the country's territory.
In 2006, we produced "Armenian Forests" documentary film on the critical condition of the forests, which was broadcasted by the first national TV channel.
Reforestation – planting trees on a large scale and ensuring their survival is one of the main directions to solve the problem mentioned above. Therefore, we took responsibility for filling that gap within our humble capabilities. In 2006, we established a nursery of forest and ornamental trees near the Jraber community, Kotayk Marz, in a 3 ha area. We give produced saplings free to state forestry agencies, environmental NGOs, and rural communities for reforestation. In 2008 in the 8 ha area Hrazdan branch of "Hayantar" SNPO planted an oak forest using the saplings from our nursery. Since 2010 we have donated forest and ornamental trees from our nursery to villages in Kotayk, Aragatsotn, and Gegharkunik marzes.
Starting in 2017, with the support of the Audemars Puigets Foundation, we launched our first reforestation project. We have planted multicultural forests with a total area of 10 ha in Ttujur and 11 ha in Chambarak communities and continue planting so far.
Moreover, with the support of A Tree For You, we started a new project planting a 5 ha multicultural forest in the lands of Dzoraglukh village of Aragatsotn Marz. The project's first phase was completed in 2021 with 10.400 trees planted on the 2 ha of the 5 ha mentioned above. We planted saplings of oak, pine, high mountain maple, birch, oriental apple, and Caucasian pear on the previously prepared soil. Considering that shrubs are very important for the forest's biodiversity, we have also planted yellow acacia and cranberry bushes. There are still two phases ahead, at the end of which Dzoraglukh will have a 5 ha forest with 26.000 trees planted.
During the first years of Armenia's independence, the country's population, because of the harsh economic situation, put heavy pressure on nature. Unfortunately, the overall attitude did not change with the country's development. Therefore, we took over, bringing changes in the field. We started with education putting particular emphasis on the younger generation. The ultimate goal was to allow sustainable development to the rural community population by involving them in organic agriculture and promoting environmental consciousness by promoting green public areas.
In 2010 we developed a textbook, "Environment and Ecology," for secondary schools. The Ministry of Education and Science of RA recommended it as an extracurricular textbook for secondary school students. The demand for the textbook was so high that it was published twice. So far, 6,000 copies have been distributed in rural school libraries.
We contributed to tackling the issue by implementing some other projects in this field. Thus, in 2002 we produced "Armenian Forests," a documentary film on the critical condition of the forests, which was broadcasted by the first national TV channel.
One of the objectives of the Green Communities project is to plant trees on the roadsides, in the nearby areas of schools, kindergartens, and community and art centres. According to the contracts signed with the communities, the village municipalities and Community Action Groups are obliged to protect and maintain the trees. We follow up on the progress of that project through our regional offices.
In 2006 we launched a new initiative to support the beneficiary communities to become clean and green. Since 2010 within the framework of the Green Communities project, we have donated forest and ornamental trees from our nursery to about 40 villages in Kotayk, Aragatsotn, and Gegharkunik marzes. As the annual monitorings show, most of the trees are properly taken care of, thus making the communities beautiful.
In 2010 the Yalkezian Foundation started to take part in these endeavours. With the support of the Foundation, we annually provide over 1,000 trees to our beneficiary villages all over the country. All involved communities carry out the necessary construction and renovation of irrigation networks.
The second objective of the Green Communities project is to facilitate the cleaning of the villages and further the organization of sustainable garbage removal. We recorded the first success in Berdavan, Tavush marz, and Pambak, Gegharkunik marz, where the decrees of respective municipalities organised landfills. The landfills were established with the direct involvement of CAGs, schoolchildren, and community members. The goal was to reach sustainability through providing paid (done by the residents) services. Today more than 40 villages organise and regularly implement garbage removal from their communities.
A complementary activity of this project was introducing biohumus production, which, besides its direct benefits, has a side effect of keeping the village roads clean. In 12 communities where people are engaged in animal husbandry, our organic agriculture extension group organized training on the production of humus. It provided the interested community members with the necessary amount of Californian red worms. After six months, our monitoring group found that some farmers started to fertilize their apple orchards, and the number of biohumus piles grew. We will replicate the success of the project in other regions of Armenia.